Health Department

 (919) 496-2533
107 Industrial Drive, Suite C
Louisburg, NC 27549

Health Department

Septic system and well permitting

Franklin County Environmental Health Services evaluates a site's suitablity to install a septic system or well. If the site is deemed suitable, the department issues a permit to install the septic system or well, and inspects the installation for compliance with NC laws and rules and any permit conditions. Environmental Health Services also inspects and permits exisiting septic systems for various property improvements, and provides consultation for malfuctioning (failing) septic systems and issues repair permits. 


The first step to obtaining well or septic system permit is to complete an application. The property owner, or an authorized agent of the property owner, must file the application.  Applications for a new well or septic system, and existing septic system inspection, are filed at the inspections office (inspections dept.). A site plan or plat must be included with the application. The site plan is not required to be to scale, but should be representative of the site. It must show the property lines, the exisiting and desired site features, and measurements of both. A sample site plan is (here). The application is valid for one year. Fees are due at the time of application (fee schedule).

New septic system or well

After filing the application, the site must be prepared for evaluation (site prep instructions). When the site is prepared for evaluation, you must contact Franklin County Environmental Services to be put on schedule for an evaluation. You may schedule an appointment time to be with the specialist while the evaluation is conducted. The specialist will contact you if there are any questions or problems with the site, or, complete the permit and send it to the contact information you supplied.

Existing septic system inspection

An application/ inspection is needed for an exisitng septic system reuse, expansion, compliance, or relocation permit. Typical exisiting septic system permits are for mobile home replacement, use of an exisiting septic system for a new home, home renovations or additions where the number of bedrooms/occupants increase, home additions where the footprint of the home is increased, detached garages, outbuildings,  in ground swimming pool, and other regulatory compliance certifications. Contact Franklin County Environmental Services to determine if an inspection is required for your project or to be put on schedule for an inspection. If permissible, the permit will verify approval or will specify actions to be taken to make the proposed project in compliance.

Repair permit

If you are experiencing problems with your septic system or well, contact Franklin County Environmental Health Services to talk with a specialist about your problem. Occasionally, homeowner septic or well problems can be solved over the phone. Usually, a visit must be made to the property to diagnose the problem and recommend solutions. If a repair permit is needed, a specialist can help with the application process. 

Operations permit (Final inspections)

Contractors are responsibile for notifying Environmental Health Services of the need for an installation inspection. Septic system installers, well drillers, and plumbers should call the day before, but no later than 9:00am the day of, the desired inspection. Specialist will inspect the installatin for compliance with applicable NC laws and rules, as well as compliance with any permit conditions. 


An individual must be licensed in the state of North Carolina to provide maintenance, installation, repair and private inspection services for septic systems. A list of all licensed individuals in NC, and informatin on how to become a licensed contractor, can be found here: NC Onsite Wastewater Contractor Inspector Certification Board   


Additional Resources